Yes, in the 1st six words of Olivier Award–nominated musical Six, the fate is learned by us of every of Henry VIII’s spouses. But exactly how much do you realize about their life?
Writers Toby Marlow and Lucy Moss dug to the reputation for Tudor England plus the royal court for the words with their pop opera, and greater historic knowledge means greater admiration for the nuances in Marlow and Moss’ writing. Listed below are the CliffsNotes that will help you navigate this chapter in Uk history.
Catherine of Aragon Queen from 1509–1533The “paragon of royalty” ended up being the wife that is first of VIII. a princess that is spanish she ended up being the child of Isabelle and Ferdinand, thus the Latin beats and Spanish trumpets in her own Six solo “No Way.” Catherine first married Arthur (Henry’s older cousin and heir obvious into the English throne) in 1501 whenever she had been 15. But five months after their wedding, Arthur passed away. Arthur’s dad almost had to get back her dowry, however a King would not spend money—or European alliances. He married her down to their more youthful son, Henry VIII, in 1509, though Henry ended up being 5 years her junior. She faithfully served England, ruling as regent in 1513 whenever Henry ended up being away in France. However when she neglected to create a male heir, things got complicated. Together with her 5th maternity, Catherine offered delivery to Mary (the near future Mary we of England), but Henry became preoccupied with siring a kid. He became believing that their wedding to their brother’s widow ended up being cursed by Jesus, or, as Catherine sings, “You say it is a shame ‘cause quoting Leviticus ‘I’ll find yourself kidiless all my entire life.’”
It’s commonly thought he utilized the Bible as a reason to divorce the princess that is spanish an intend to marry her woman in waiting, Anne Boleyn. Catherine had been furious he cast her apart; she had tolerated their affairs (“I’ve never destroyed control no matter what times that are many knew you lied”) as any Queen ended up being anticipated. Furthermore, Catherine maintained that she had never ever consummated her wedding to Arthur—so that is the marriage that has been null. Complicated, we understand. Once the track implies, Catherine declined an annulment, claiming until her death that she had been the rightful Queen. Catherine had been delivered to a” that is“nun-ry sooner or later relocated to The greater amount of Castle. She died in 1536 during the chronilogical age of 50, nevertheless keeping she ended up being the sole genuine spouse of Henry VIII.
Anne Boleyn Queen from 1533–1536Though affairs involving the King and their Queen’s women in waiting were common and anticipated, no body expected him to go out of Catherine to wed Anne—the sibling of their mistress that is former that. Anne spent my youth during the court regarding the Queen of France before coming back house to England to become listed on the royal court.
Anne Boleyn is actually depicted since the wife that is devious presumably plotting to dethrone Catherine—unsatisfied to be merely a mistress, “some woman in a threesome.” Henry and Anne married in key January 25, 1533; they got the Archbishop to declare Henry’s wedding to Catherine null and their marriage that is new to valid—thus breaking through the Catholic Church and starting the Church of England. Anne was crowned queen 1, 1533; she soon gave birth to a girl, the future Elizabeth I june. But after three miscarriages, Henry took a mistress that is new Jane Seymour. Needing a real solution to rid himself of Anne, Henry reported that Anne had bewitched him while he had been hitched to Catherine. Anne maybe flirted with a few men “just in order to make him jel,” but that merely resulted in accusations of adultery and incest. She had been beheaded during the Tower of London may 15, 1536, at age 35.
Fun reality: Historians think Henry VIII published “Greensleeves” for Anne Boleyn, who he had been attempting to woo. Thus, the techno remix of “Greensleeves” in “Ex-Wives.”
Jane Seymour Queen from 1536–1537Just as Anne Boleyn overtook the lady she served, Jane Seymour had been a lady-in-waiting to Queen Anne, after serving Queen Catherine. Henry VIII became betrothed to Jane one after Anne’s execution day. Jane offered delivery to a son, Edward, in October 1537 and passed away a couple of weeks later of postnatal problems. Jane is frequently looked at as the favourite, as this woman is really the only spouse Henry freely mourned additionally the just one to get a queen’s funeral, which is the reason why her song in Six is considered the most such as a energy ballad—even if it she sings that “without my son your love could fade away.” Henry VIII had been fundamentally hidden beside her at Windsor Castle.
Anne of Cleves Queen from January 1540–July 1540Anne of Cleves lasted just months that are sixth Queen, but she kept her mind. Musician Hans Holbein younger decided to go to Germany to paint Anne and her cousin, as Henry VIII considered which may be their 4th spouse. (We read about these travels in “Haus of Holbein.”)
However when Anne arrived after her portrait, Henry felt she “didn’t did look that is n’t her profile image.” She revealed a lack that is general of, “sippin’ on mead and I also spill it on my dress,” which additionally displeased the royal. Essentially, the master made excuses for his displeasure together with her and discovered another reason to be rid of her, saying there was clearly not a way she had been a virgin once they wed. Issued an annulment, Anne stayed in benefit using the King and sometimes checked out court throughout the reigns associated with the last two queens. She passed away in 1557.
Catherine Howard Queen from 1540–1541Catherine, better referred to as Kitty, had been very very long the item of intimate attention as http://bestbrides.org/asian-brides/ recommended in “All You Wanna Do.” She had been molested by her music instructor, Henry Mannox, as he ended up being 36 ( maybe not 23 as Six states) and she 13. At 15, she relocated together with her grandmother, “the dowager Duchess,” and became enthusiasts with “sexy secretary” Francis Dereham—an event that could started to haunt her later. Her grandmother discovered the affair and sent her into the Tudor court.
Like her relative, Anne Boleyn, she served being a lady-in-waiting however in the court of Anne of Cleves. The master had been 49 years of age as he married the 16-year-old. However the gossips at court—some of who had witnessed Dereham—quickly spread word to her behavior that Catherine had been committing adultery behind Henry’s straight back with Henry’s courtier Thomas Culpeper. Culpepper, Dereham, and Catherine had been all performed (Dereham had been drawn and quartered). Catherine, beheaded February 13, 1542, ended up being hidden in a unmarked grave.
Catherine Parr Queen from 1543-1547The last spouse of Henry VIII lived in constant anxiety about her very own execution. Ahead of her wedding to King Henry VIII, she had two husbands that are previous ended up being widowed both in instances. She had dropped deeply in love with Thomas Seymour (Jane’s bro) before she caught the optical attention associated with the King. As well as in “I Don’t Need Your Love,her alone to save them both from the King’s wrath and certain death” she pleads with Thomas to leave.
Because of the right time she wed Henry, he had been 52 plus in sick health. Catherine ingratiated herself to your master by being a mother to their three young ones: Catherine of Aragon’s Mary, Anne Boleyn’s Elizabeth, and Jane Seymour’s Edward. This woman is the person who restored Mary and Elizabeth’s royal standing therefore that they might come in the type of succession.
During her reign, Catherine had been the very first queen of England and Ireland; she had been additionally the queen most abundant in influence that is diplomatic Catherine of Aragon, as she served as regent whenever Henry traveled to France once more. Catherine had been an advocate of reformation when you look at the Church, Protestantism. In reality, she published publications on prayer inside her name—and that is own was very very first Queen of England to take action. So that it’s correct that she “fought for feminine education.” Before Henry VIII passed away January 28, 1547, he instructed that she be respected since the Queen of England even with their death—which is what took place. She stepped down through the throne whenever Prince Edward, Jane Seymour’s son, had been prepared to ascend in 1547. This time around, she ended up being the only to re-marry, to gentleman for the court Thomas Seymour. She passed away 5, 1548 september.